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Korean Ginseng

What is Korean Ginseng?  From Korea, the World of Genuine Ginseng. 


Korean Ginseng is a herb, the root of which has been taken as a health food for over 3,000 years around the world. Long before Korean Ginseng was well-known to the Western general public, people from aristocratic and scientific classes knew about, wrote about, and showed their love for Korean Ginseng, regarding it as a natural medicine and calling it the "Treasure from the Orient."

Some notable figures, who have openly endorsed the use of Korean Ginseng to support natural health, include King Louis XIV (the "Sun King") and passionate philosopher, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Both enjoyed and appreciated the health effects of Korean Ginseng. Pope Paul II loved Korean Ginseng so much that he made it popular around the Vatican. Russian novelist, Maxim Gorky, used ginseng while recovering from a smoking-related disease and French president Mitterrand claimed that Koraen Ginseng helped extend his life while living. Even the British rock band, the Scorpions, came to Korea and purchased Korean Ginseng to support their active lifestyle, while one of the world's top models, Naomi Campbell, has shared that one of her secret's for body care is using Korean Ginseng Extract.

Korea is the country of natural Ginseng.  Korean Ginseng has been known as a Herbal Medicine since thousands of years ago, which is functionally effective for human bodies to regain daily vitality, robust nutrition and increase immunogenic ability. The truth of its herbal power has been proven so far up to this date and the name of Ginseng has been parallelized to the name of Korea until now. In addition to the national brand of Ginseng, Korean have made Korean Red Ginseng to boost up the general effectiveness of natural Ginseng. Korean Red Ginseng is produced through the process of Korean special formula naturally applied to increase the ingredients of Ginsenoside Rg1,Rb1,Rb2 up to 230% more than the level of average Ginseng.  Korean Red Ginseng is patented under Korean technology that has no way to make it duplicated elsewhere in the world.


1. Structures and Classifications of Korean Ginseng

Korean Ginsengis a perennial semi-shade herb (a plant whose aerial part dries up and just the root remains the winter and then continues to grow in the spring). In botany, it belongs to the Panax genus of the Araliacea family and its botanical name is 'Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer' named for Carl Anton von Meyer of the former Soviet Union in 1843. Panax is a compound word of 'pan' derived from 'pana,' meaning 'all,' and 'ax' from 'axon,' meaning 'treatment,' in Greek. This is because Korean Ginseng has historically been used as a traditional medicine to treat many types of diseases as well as improve general well-being.

2. Flower and Frut

Only when Korean Ginseng is 3 years old does it blossom with flowers, which bloom between the middle and the end of May. Korean Ginseng fruit changes from red to green, when the flesh is removed and a hard seed emerges. Korean Ginseng seeds are gathered when the root has matured to a prime 4 years of age.

3. Leaf

Korean Ginseng has palm-shaped leaves, which are called jangyeop in Korean, where 'jang' translates as 'palm.'

4. Stipe

Korean Ginseng in general will produce one additional stipe with every year of growth. In theory, a six year old root will have six stipes. However, if a root grows vigorously, it may produce one stipe more than its corresponding year.

5. Stem

In general, ginseng roots grow only one stem per plant.

6. Root

The most cherished part of the plant, voluminous in shape, Korean Ginseng roots consist of a nodal rhizome, a thick main root, lateral roots and delicate fine roots. As the root reaches six years of age (the optimal harvesting age of Korean Ginseng), the rhizome, main root and lateral roots will have grown into the shape of a man. Indeed, the word 'ginseng' comes from the Korean word 'insam,' meaning 'man root (Root like a shape of man).


7. Classification by Growing Environment

Wild Ginseng

Ginseng that grows naturally in the deep Korean mountains.

Mountain Ginseng

Ginseng grown from the seeds of wild ginseng, which have later been sown in the mountains, cultivated in the natural growing environment of wild ginseng.

Cultivated Ginseng

Ginseng that has been cared for and cultivated in a field.


8. Classification by Processing Treatment 

Fresh Ginseng

Unprocessed ginseng after it is digged up in a field, called Saengsam.

White Ginseng

Fresh ginseng, with peeled skins or dried raw. It is divided into Jiksam (straight ginseng), Goksam (bent ginseng) and Bangoksam(half-bent ginseng).

Red Ginseng

Strictly selected for quality and freshness, Korean red ginseng roots are six years old at the time of harvest. The carefully selected roots are steamed with the skins unpeeled, preserving vital nutrients and flavors. Light yellowish brown to light reddish brown in color, the steamed and dried Korean red ginseng roots may remain preserved for periods up to 10 years or more.


9. Korean Ginseng as a medicinal herb 

Ginseng, a medicinal herb, has long been used in maintaining physical vitality throughout the far-eastern countries including Korea and China. Carl Anton Meyer, Russian botanist, named it Panax ginseng in 1843. The genus name Panax means 'cure all' in Greek. Ginseng root produced in Korea has been most highly prized so as to gain the popular name, Korean Ginseng. Its siblings are found in North America, Japan, China, and Russia, but they are different from Korean ginseng in morphology and composition. Korean Ginseng Panax to which six C. A. Meyer, belongs to the family Araliaceae and genus Panax to which six species belong.


10. Family Araliaceae

From the ancient times only Korean ginseng has been used medicinally, whereas several other Panax species have become in sud in recent days. Eleutherococcus senticosus does not belong to the genus Panax, but it is called Siberian ginseng only to take ride on the popularity of Korean Ginseng.



Common name(Scientific mane)

No. of leaflets

Root appearance


Korean ginseng (P. ginseng)


human body

Korea, Manchuria

American ginseng (P. quinquefolium)



N. America

Sanchi (P. notoginseng)


small carrot


Bamboo ginseng (P. japonicum)



Japan, Yunnan

Dwarf ginseng (P. trifolium)



Northeastern America

Himalayan ginseng (P. pseudoginseng)





11. Cultivation of Korean Ginseng

The first record of prescription of ginseng as a medicinal herb was reported in Shen-Nung Pen-Ts'ao-Ching(Shen-Nung Pharmacopoeia, A.D. 456~536), the most highly regarded book in Oriental medicine. Shi-Zhen Li's book, Pen Ts'ao Kang Mu(Encyclopedia of Herbs), which describes ginseng from Goryeo and Baekje, indicates that ginseng was cultivated as early as the ancient Three Kingdom era of Korea. The cultivation of ginseng is quite different from other crops. One ginseng was cultivated, it can not be recultivated in the same field within at least 15 years. The field must be carefully selected because the yield depends on the soil nature and the lay of the land. It is so demanding that the field soil must be prepared for two years by tilling soils repeatedly with fresh leaves such as oak in the soil.

Seedlings are also grown in specially prepared nursery bed soil. Korean ginseng must be grown under shade without application of chemical fertilizer. In short, ginseng cultivation is a structural farming that maintains the traditional organic farming practice. The direction of ridge is set by a compass to face north-east. The shade is installed to protect the plants from direct sunlight. It is important to harvest roots when they are grown as large as possible, but with balance in rhizome head, main root, and lateral roots.


12. What is Korean Ginseng?

Korean Ginseng has been recognized as The King of Herb and is known as a "wonder" herb for health in Korea for the past thousands of years. The Orient has long considered Korean Ginseng to be the most effective herbal tonic on earth and modern science is proving the efficacy of this remarkable, ancient herb. Korean Ginseng has been prized for its reputed anti-fatigue effects to improve performance, stamina, concentration and reaction time, especially in the elderly. Korean Ginseng is not a drug. It is a vitamin-mineral rich food that benefits men, women, the ill and the healthy. Modern science, research and studies have demonstrated that ginseng has the properties of adaptogens, anti- diabetes, anti-oxidants and anti-aging agents. Traditionally, Ginseng is called “Insam” in Korea.


13. Why does Korean Ginseng called Panax Ginseng?

There are several types of ginseng of different species and its efficacy.  Korean ginseng is unique with different shape and pharmacological effects compared to other North American, Chinese, Japanese and Siberian ginseng. Korean Ginseng has the most outstanding therapeutic effects with the most diverse saponins( ginsenosides), and other valuable nutrition. That is why Korean Ginseng is only  called Panax Ginseng. The botanical term Panax means “All Heal” or “Cure Allbecause of its wide use in Korea and in Chinese medicine


14. Does Korean Ginseng grow in Korea only?

Because Ginseng has a very selective biological preference for its habitat, it is often extremely difficult to grow them. Even in Korea, Korean Ginseng grows in certain area only. Korea is a peninsula surrounded by ocean with a mild climate, fertile soil, adequate moisture and other special conditions. Korean Ginseng is one of unique species in the world. Korean Ginseng is not only a species different from those of American ginseng or Chinese Sanchi ginseng, but it is also grown in an optimal geographical environment with climatic conditions suitable for growing superior quality ginseng. The latitudinal range in which the majority of Korean Ginseng farming is carried out extends from 36° to 38° north, where the growing period (180 days per 1 year) is longer than that of other areas (120 to 130 days per 1 yera). This longer growth time is instrumental to the development of harder and denser internal tissues and the safekeeping of innate flavor.


15. What is Korean Red Ginseng ?

There are two varieties: white and red. Korean Red Ginseng is produced when white Ginseng roots are processed using a slow, low–temperature heat method which is adopted from effective traditional Korean processing technique. This produces a mild tasting drink that has undergone chemical changes that promote a number of active beneficial ingredients (consisting more than 34 types of saponin(ginsenosides), polyphenol and maltols).


16. What makes Korean Red Ginseng special?

Korean Ginseng is unique in its kinds and is considered the most potent and stimulating of all ginsengs because it contains the most complete saponin( ginsenosides) which has therapeutic effects. The major component  in the Korean Red Ginseng is a carbohydrate which consists of over 34 kinds of saponin( ginsenoside), polyacetylene compounds, polyphenol, acidic polysaccharides and other valuable nutritions like minerals such as phosphorus, iron, copper, magnesium, calcium, potassium, sulphur, manganese, silica and sodium. It is found to be rich in Vitamins B1 and B2. Present also are the enzymes amylase and phenolase. Ginseng aids in restoring homeostasis( a balanced, healthy state) in our health  by providing  ginsenosides. Korean Ginseng, known as the master medicine, is a herbal medicine that people often take under normal conditions to prevent themselves from possible diseases and to maintain and to promote their health. It is free of any toxicity or harm, even when it is taken in large amounts or over a prolonged period of time

1) Ginseng saponin

In contrast to other types of ginseng, which as about 4 to 15 kinds, Korea Red Ginseng is known to have more than 34 kinds of saponin with each with unique medical effects.

2) Polyacetylene compounds

More than 10 different kinds of compounds known to suppress replication of cancerous cells and exhibit antiplatelet and antioxidation activity.

3) Polyhenol compounds

Many polyphenol compounds to suppress lipid hyperoxidation and to help slowing the aging process.

4) Acidic polysaccharides

Korea ginseng is identified to restrain the activity of toxohormone-L, a lipolysis prompting toxin, and to reinforce immunological functions that is significantly more than that of other types ginseng.

5) General ingredients

True for amino acids, specifically threonine, glutamic acid, proline, glycine, alanine, cycstine and lysine. Moreover, the amount of adenosine, a nucleic acid, found in Korean Ginseng(INSAM) is higher than that of other types.


17. What is Saponin(Ginsenoside)?

Saponin(Ginsenosides) is a critical factor in ginseng’s effectiveness.. Saponin(Ginsenosides) is a class of steroid-like compounds, triterpene saponins, which is viewed as the active compounds behind the claims of ginseng's efficacy.


18. Comparison of Saponin(Ginsenoside)

Korean Red Ginseng has the richest variety of saponin. Its composition is so exquisite that no other plants in the Panax family come close to it. These ginsenosides are further divided into diols, triols and oleananes according to their structural characteristics, and are known to have different medical effects.


Korea GinSeng

American GinSeng

Chinese GinSeng

Japanese GinSeng

Korean Red GinSeng

Korean White GinSeng







Panaxa Diol






Panaxa Triol






Oleanolic Acid






[Saponines like “G-Rh2, G-Rs1,G-Rs2,H-R4”exist more in red ginseng than in white ginseng peculiarly]

19. Pharmacological effects of Saponin( Ginsenosides) : Ginsenoside is one of the most widely and deeply studied phytochemicals in the world.

Stimulation of immunological function & phagocytic action

Rg1, Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Rg3, Rh2, Re, Rg2, Rh1

Anti-diabetic (Lowering of blood sugar levels

on Diabetes mellitus)

Rb2, Re


Compound-Y, Mc

Anti-tumor effects

Rh1, Rh2, Rg3, Compound-K

Vasodilating action (Increase blood flows)

Rb1, Rd, Rg1

Prevention of atherosclerosis (reduction in cholesterol

and neutral lipid and HDL-cholesterol increasing effect)

Rb1, Rb2, Rc

Stimulation of ACTH & Corticosterone secretion

Rb1, Rb2, Rc, Re

Stimulation of RNA polymerase & protein synthesis

(increase recovery of damaged tissue)

Rb1, Rb2, Rg1

Anti-platelet aggregation

R0, Rg1, Rg2

Prevention & recovery from Alzheimer’s disease


Fibrinolytic action

R0, Rb1, Rb3, Rc, Re, Rg1, Rg2

Protection against stress induced ulcer

Malonoside R2

Recovery form damaged Kidney

Rd, Re


20. Korean Red Ginseng’s proven efficacy and results

There are numerous benefits of Korean Red Ginseng and its efficacy has been substantiated by scientific research around the world as follows:

  • Helps with diabetes control
  • Lowers blood pressure and prevents arteriosclerosis
  • Reduces influenza cases in the elderly
  • Strengthens the immune system and works
  • Alleviate erectile disorder and improve libido
  • Enhances brain activity and improve memory
  • Protects the liver and aids in detoxification
  • Improves post-menopausal disorders and ovarian dysfunctions
  • Combat fatigue and improves physical endurance
  • Confronts endocrine disruptor / toxic effect
  • Helps maintain homeostasis of physical functions
  • Helps to prevent and cure stomach disorders
  • Helps to be effective in clearing stress
  • Helps to reinforce immunological function
  • Helps to resist radioactivity
  • Helps to restrain proliferation of AIDS viruses


21. Is Korean Red Ginseng safe?

Ginseng is classified as Generally Recognized As Safe(GRAS)’by the US Food and Drug Administration(FDA) and other international organizations. 





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